Covering an area of 147,181 sq.km, Nepal shares a border with India in the west, south and east and with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China in the north. Kanchan Kalan in Jhapa district is the lowest point at 70m above sea level and the summit of Mt. Everest at 8,848 m is the highest. From east to west, Nepal is 800 km long and only 230 km wide from north to south. Within this narrow stretch of land, there is incredible diversity in topography ranging from a sub-tropical climate in the terai (plains) to Alpine conditions in the Himalayan regions. Mountains, mid hills, valleys, lakes and plains dominate the landscape of this landlocked country. Nepal has eight of the World’s ten tallest mountains including Mt. Everest, the highest in the world.
Nepal also has an abundance of rivers most of which originate in the Himalaya while some flow down from Tibet. They all flow on to India, many of them joining the holy Ganges. Large tracts of forested land have been preserved as national parks and wildlife reserves where endangered species like the Royal Bengal tiger and the Greater one-horned rhinoceros roam freely along with an amazing variety of mammals and reptiles. Nepal is home to almost 10 percent of the world’s bird species among which 500 species are found in the Kathmandu valley alone.
Nepal offers some of the best trekking in the world and has attracted mountaineers from all over. It is an ideal destination for people who thrive on thrill and adventure, you can experience the thrill of rafting down raging rivers, soar high amongst some of the world’s highest peaks, trek along serene villages and landscape or just immerse yourself in the panoramic views of the mighty Himalayas and the abundance of scenic tranquility, the country has to offer.